Your ear is the organ responsible for gathering sound waves and transferring them to the brain.
A person may be born with hearing difficulties, or they may be acquired due to multiple factors.
Hearing tests should always be performed by an experienced audiologist (a professional specialized in hearing), who will test hearing in order to determine the type, cause and severity. These tests vary according to the patient’s age and needs. The results are then discussed with the patient and/or their family.
The degrees of hearing loss vary from a mild hearing loss (affecting one’s ability to hear soft sounds) to a moderate, severe or even profound hearing loss (where the individual cannot hear most sounds).
Hearing loss also has types, according to the affected part of the ear. These include:
Any problem in the outer or middle ear that prevents sound waves from travelling naturally to the inner ear is known as a conductive hearing loss. Conductive hearing losses are usually mild or moderate in degree.
which results from missing or damaged sensory cells (hair cells) in the cochlea (our snail shaped hearing organ) or neural hearing loss and is usually permanent. Sensorineural hearing loss can be mild, moderate, severe or profound.
this is a combination of a sensorineural and conductive hearing loss. It results from complications in both the inner and outer or middle ear.
the least common of hearing loss types, resulting from the absence, damage or malfunction of the auditory nerve.